Methods For Increasing The Capacity Of Cone Crusher


Cone crusher is one of the most popular medium and fine crushing equipment, which is suitable for crushing all kinds of medium and hard materials. However, many

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Cone crusher is one of the most popular medium and fine crushing equipment, which is suitable for crushing all kinds of medium and hard materials. However, many users find that even though they are in full production, they still feel that the capacity of crusher is not high enough to reach the ideal production state.

Keep the parameters of tight edge discharge port unchanged

In order to stabilize the output, quality and production line load of sand and stone products, the first thing to ensure is that the parameters of the tight side discharge port of the cone crusher are unchanged, otherwise it is very easy to cause the unexpected increase of the product particle size, which will affect the whole production line system and the final output.

Keep "full" operation as long as possible

If a cone crusher is "full" when it is "hungry" due to unstable feeding and other factors, its product grain size and product rate will also fluctuate. Half cavity running cone broken, its products are not ideal in grading, needle slice and other aspects.

Ensure proper feeding

Only a small amount of raw materials will not reduce the burden of cone breaking. On the contrary, too few raw materials will not only damage the output of products, but also have a bad impact on the bearing of cone crusher.

According to the working principle of cone crusher, its actual power should not be less than 40% of the rated power. In order to obtain proper "load bearing positioning" and maximize productivity, the actual power of cone crusher should be kept between 40% - 100% of the rated power, and 75% - 95% of the rated power in operation is the best choice.

Ensure uniform feeding

When feeding, it is necessary to avoid the situation that large-size stones are concentrated on one side and small-size stones are concentrated on the other side, so as to ensure that the stones are evenly mixed.

Once the feeding is not uniform, due to the abnormal increase of bulk density, the compaction and blocking on the side of small-sized stones are easy to occur, resulting in the jumping of the adjusting ring. In the face of the jumping of the adjusting ring caused by blocking, the operators will be forced to increase the discharge port parameters, resulting in the increase of product particle size. In the long run, it will also cause damage to the adjusting ring and other problems, resulting in greater production losses.

Minimize buffer silo retention

As the "enemy of production", the buffer bin of cone crusher and other related equipment also need to be carefully arranged. The reasonable use of buffer bin / hopper and variable speed feeding device (conveyor belt, plate vibration feeder) can make the operating personnel keep the cone crusher "full" state for a long time, and easily increase its output by 10%.

Ensure operation within the upper limit of crusher design

If the operation of cone crusher exceeds the upper limit of crushing force (adjusting ring runout) or the rated power, you can: slightly increase the parameters of tight edge discharge port, and try to ensure the "full cavity" operation. The advantage of "full chamber" operation is that there will be a stone beating process in the crushing chamber, so that the product grain shape can be maintained when the discharge port is slightly large; or the feeding rate can be reduced, but it may be difficult to ensure good grain shape.

Generally speaking, the problem of adjusting ring runout or exceeding rated power of cone crusher is caused by material jamming, eccentric feeding, uneven feeding, too much fine material in feeding, too much mud content, wrong use of crushing wall and bowl liner, or simply because the operation personnel set too small the discharge opening of cone breaking edge.

Control the fine material content in the feed

Fine material in feeding: the material entering into the stone of the crusher, whose particle size is equal to or less than the material set at the tight side discharge port. According to experience, for the two-stage cone crusher, the fine material content in the feed shall not exceed 25%; the fine material content in the three-stage cone crusher shall not exceed 10%.

Excessive fines are usually caused by the problem of vibrating screen, which may be caused by insufficient mesh diameter or screening capacity. Too much fines will lead to insufficient utilization of power and abnormal increase of unit energy consumption in the process of crushing.


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